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Post by Imran on Tue 09 Feb 2016, 11:17 pm

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Education occupies a great position in Islam,it is by education that one increases his rank and wins valuable booty. Education according to Islam is the guarantor of progress to any community by the permission of Allah. The reasons that let it occupy a high position is it's impact on noble characters, virtues, development, civilization reform and prosperity in any society.

Islam regards education as a tool for building a better society in all aspects of life. Education and learning in Islam are made to achieve goals that include producing generations that owe their thoughts and feelings to Allah and follow the instruction of their faith and making them direct their thoughts towards what will benefit them in their religious and worldly affairs.

In Islam, knowledge has great goals that guarantee happiness for individuals and peace for societies in this world and the next. The Muslim Ummah being an Ummah of faith based on a divine message, aims at implementing Allah's law in this life in all it's spheres. There is no wonder then that learning in all it's forms becomes a tool for creating generations that will believe in what Islam stands for and have faith in that true and pure creed that the message of Islam preaches.

Islam encourages knowledge and learning and lays emphasis on education in it's capacity as the bases and foundation through which correct concepts can be inmbibed in men's hearts about their Lord and because of the effects that those concepts have like controlling one's behavior and direction which consequently leads to victory and happiness for mankind.

All aspects of knowledge that actualise the concept of dignity of labour and inculcates sound ideas in the mind that leads to constructive deeds is one of the goals of Islam. Islam aims at producing a believing generation that works for it's religion and it's world and takes part in developing it's Ummah and society within a framework of noble life full of honour, dignity and supremacy.

Islamic concept of education provides for relevant curriculum that develops the learner not only to enjoy the comfort of this material and temporary world but most of all to be spiritually and morally prepared for the eternal life.

Islamic philosophy of education is based upon three elements:
1. THE LEARNER: A human being made up of dual nature of spirit and body.
2. KNOWLEDGE: of truth and reality without compartmentalization into religious and secular spheres.

Accordinly, knowledge may be ,classified into;
I. Religious and Acquired Shari'ah and
II. Trade revealed and non-revealed.

Seeking knowledge which a Muslim needs in order to perform the acts of ,,,,worship that are binding on him is an obligation that is compulsory on him (fard ayn). As for what exceeds those limits, then acquiring knowledge falls under the collective obligations (fard kifaayah) and it is something recommended and extra for the student of knowledge...

[Muhammad Al-anbiyaa] The Prophet {peace and blessings of Allah be upon him} said: "Seeking knowledge is an obligation upon every Muslim" [Tabaraani]

As for the universal physical and material sciences,then these are all a collective obligation which fall under Allah's statement "And prepare against them all you can of power including steeds of war...." [Al Anfaal].
They also fall under the principle: "That which is necessary for the fulfilment of an obligation becomes itself obligatory"

The western or secular style of education on the basis of which Nigeria's Policy on Education NPE, was fashioned falls under acquired or non-revealed as well as knowledge of trade.

On the basis of level of obligation, it is a socially requisite knowledge whose acquisition is a collective responsibility on the Muslim Ummah and looking at it from social function, it is a praiseworthy and permissible knowledge.

Last edited by Imran on Tue 09 Feb 2016, 11:22 pm; edited 1 time in total (Reason for editing : for modification)
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